Świnoujście in brief
Beach area – 35 ha. Area of white dune – 12,5 ha. Area of greens in the dune belt – 62 ha. The natural scenery of the seaside district originated as a result of the receding movement of the sea which causes the increase of coastline and dunes. The action of the sea and winds resulted in the belt-like lie of the area. The rate of land increase is estimated at ca. 1.5 m annually. The dune reaches ca. 8 m above sea level in its highest point, and ca. 1.0-2.0 m above sea level at the lowest. The vegetation, covering the area in a belt-like manner, is characteristic of seaside areas.
Świnoujście is located in a zone of temperate climate influenced by warm Atlantic stream passing the southern coast of the Baltic. Because of the temporary character of the climate, the weather changes frequently but, on the other hand, the changes of temperature are less abrupt than in the remaining part of Poland. With considerable amount of vegetation, good location in relation to the sea-port area and frequent winds from the west, the air in Świnoujście and in the seaside district in particular, is clean. For about 100 years it has also been used for treatment purposes, thus making Świnoujście one of the most famous health resorts.
The distribution of types of accumulated soil and vegetation along the entire length of the seaside district forms the belts of:
- white dune,
- grey dune,
- belt of common seabuckthorn, oleaster, sand willow,
- young pine forest,
- dry sandy glades with sheep’s-bit, groups of common seabuckthorn and single coniferous and deciduous trees,
- old pine forest with a rim of deciduous trees on the outside High, closed forest-stands screen the interior from wind gusts and drifting sand.
High, closed forest-stands screen the interior from wind gusts and drifting sand. At CampingRELAX you will find remarkable tree species of unusual beauty and size. The most precious among them are:
- common locust (robinia)
- sycamore maple
- Russian elm
- black alder with beautiful ivy
- common elm
Water level fluctuations in Szczecin Bay are closely related to the direction and force of the wind. With NW and NE winds, water level may rise by ca. 1 m, and with SW to SE winds it may fall to 0.6 m mean level. Temperatures of the Szczecin Bay are usually higher than eg those of Wi?lany Bay by ca. 0,6 do 1,2 oC. The closer to the outlet of Odra River, the higher the temperature in summer, and the lower in winter. In August, the temperature of surface waters of Szczecin Bay oscillates between 18,2 and 19,9 oC, and at the bottom it is lower by 1,5 oC.
In the Świnoujście-Szczecin waterway the salinity of surface waters oscilates between 0,2 and 1%, and that of bottom waters is up to 6%.. Ice-formation: Szczecin Bay freezes usually from mid December to the beginning of March. The Świnoujście-Szczecin waterway is navigable only with the help of ice-breakers then. The maximum thickness of ice cover in this area is 0,6 m. Air-pressure and wind: In May and June the average monthly air-pressure is 1014,7 hPa.